Across the Kedu Plain from the port of Semarang on Java stands one of the great manmade wonders of the world: the temple at Borobudur. The largest Buddhist temple in the world, Borobudur lay covered in volcanic ash for nearly a millennium until it was rediscovered in 1814. For nearly a century afterward, treasure hunters and souvenir seekers pillaged the ruins. In 1973, UNESCO supervised a 10-year restoration of this, one of the most awe-inspiring sights on the planet.
When the King of Siam visited Borobudur in 1896, he was presented with eight cartloads of relics taken from the temple complex, including 30 relief panels and five statues of the Buddha.
Points of Interest
Buried in volcanic ash for nearly a millennium, Borobudur is the largest Buddhist shrine in the world. It is believed that 30,000 stonecutters and sculptors, 15,000 laborers, and thousands of masons worked for nearly a century to complete the temple.
Ambarawa Railway Museum
Explore this open-air museum showcasing a selection of retired, classic steam locomotives dating to the Dutch colonial era. Climb aboard and view a myriad of vintage rail equipment.
Gedung Batu Temple
This magnificent vermilion complex is Semarang's oldest Chinese temple. Built in honor of Ming Dynasty leader Zheng He, explore the colorful rooms, ornate shrines and cave guarded by fierce dragons.
The rolling landscape of Semarang enchants with its hilly southern area stretching from Candi to Bukit Sari. Dramatic, picture perfect views include the backdrop of majestic Mount Ungaran.